26 May 2016

"Clean Room" #7-8 by Gail Simone

Because of physical health issues, I was too miserable to read issue #7 until well after it was published, and it took me almost a full week to even buy issue #8 after it was published, but I'm finally caught up! At the conclusion of the first arc, The Surgeon declined to clarify for Chloe Pierce (or us) whether the Entities are aliens or demons, instead characterizing them as "inmates". Astrid Mueller and Chloe reached something of an accord, the latter beginning to better understand the former's actual work and coming to see that Astrid has been playing a long game to combat the Entities.

Clean Room #7
"High Way to Hell"
$3.99 | 24 Story Pages | Published 20 April 2016

This story functions as a sort of interlude between the book's opening arc and the one that begins with the next issue. We open seventeen years ago with Astrid, age 17, hitchhiking her way through New Mexico to meet a hospitalized woman named Anika Wells. Anika, we learn, is a survivor of an attack by the Entities who staged the attempted murder of Astrid in her childhood. Their shared traumatic contact with their tormentors becomes the basis for a relationship that's genuinely touching to observe.

Story page 6, panels 4 and 5, alone offers us a glimpse at something we've not seen in Astrid to date: vulnerability. She sighs with heaviness in panel 4, then recomposes herself and moves forward with her characteristic outward resolve as she personally delivers Anika's meal. It's not until story page 7 that we see the extent of what the Entities did to Anika, a body ravaged down the middle, her left side shriveled and feeble. Astrid wants to talk about Chloe and what finding her could mean, but Anika is too far gone in depression. "You have to let me go," she repeats. And then we see something extraordinary: Astrid takes Anika's hand and kisses it, beginning to break down. She leans down to hug Anika, declaring, "I'm sorry. I can't do this without you."

This is an intriguing line of dialogue to interpret as a reader. Read only in text, it could be taken rather coldly, as though Astrid was denying Anika the release she's begging for because she still serves a purpose to Astrid. But with Jon Davis-Hunt's artwork, we are able to find a far softer meaning to the words. This isn't just about whatever function Anika performs for Astrid. It's about Astrid unable to bring herself to let go of the one person we've seen that matters to her. She's human after all.

On story page 11, we learn that after surviving the attempt on her life, Astrid became able to see the Entities..."starting with [her] own father." The matter isn't explored further here, but it recalls a moment in issue #1, when Astrid, recovering in her hospital room, asks her mother, "Why is Papa's face made of snakes?" We later see Astrid having a Clean Room session all to herself, observing her family at church just before the attack. She's interrupted by The Surgeon, who explains that the Entities tried to kill her because they knew she could see them, and unintentionally "unlocked" that ability that had been dormant before the attack. Ironic, no?

Way back in issue #2, we saw the Clean Room session of Dwight Fennister, for whom we initially were made to feel compassion before finding out that he had been sexually abusing children. Chloe was incensed that Astrid dismissed him without contacting the authorities. I surmised at the time that "I expect we're going to see Detective Markos find his mangled corpse at some point, tormented into killing himself by the hallucinations that appear to be developed in the Clean Room."

As it happens, The Surgeon presents Astrid with Fennister's severed genitals. He even seems put off by the matter, more disturbed by Astrid turning him loose instead of working with him, knowing that some gruesome fate awaited him. In legal terms, Astrid is clearly guilty of depraved indifference. But we also are left to weigh for ourselves how much we agree with her decision, something that will vary from reader to reader. I've contemplated this ever since that second issue back in November, and I still don't know how I feel about it. The fairest thing I know to say is that I don't think I could really know without being in that situation. If there's one thing Gail Simone does well as a storyteller, it's to take something complex and make it accessible without making it simplistic.

Elsewhere, Chloe and Detective Demakos compare notes on Astrid and how she fits into the rash of horrific suicides that the latter has been investigating. On story pages 15 and 16, he's the one who first tells us of Dwight Fennister. I had my "Aha!" moment then, but it wasn't until The Surgeon confronted Astrid about him that it really had weight. Chloe floats a theory that perhaps the Entities don't even care about humanity, that whatever effect they have on us isn't even malicious but more incidental. "What if we were just in the road when they drove through? What if we're jaywalkers in a never-ending hit-and-run? What if we're just..just...road-kill?"

We've learned more than Chloe has, and I don't believe the Entities are quite as detached as that. Their interactions, especially the ones that end in mangled corpses and tormented survivors, aren't passive happenstances. They're deliberate acts. But it does speak to the potential scale of just what is going on and how insignificant humanity may well be. We'll see.

Clean Room #8
"A Critical Event"
$3.99 | 24 Story Pages | Published 18 May 2016

I'd already seen tweets shared by Gail Simone of reactions to this issue, though thankfully ambiguous enough that I went in only knowing that it was shocking and intense without knowing what actually happens in it.

WELP.

We open with Astrid giving a lecture and then being shot on a double splash page (4-5) by what turns out to be her brother Peter. And the rest of the issue is dedicated solely to the aftermath of the shooting, with Astrid's team scrambling to apprehend her shooter and get her into surgery. Killian Reed, Astrid's "right hand", is given orders of what to do in this scenario. They include finding Chloe Pierce, whom Astrid is designating as her successor.

Yeah, those tweeters weren't exaggerating. Issue #1 was pretty rough on me chiefly because I was unprepared for the conversations and depictions of suicides. I also still hadn't quite finished stabilizing my own mental health at that point. I've found subsequent issues compelling and intriguing, certainly, but my reactions have been more cerebral than emotional...until now.

We're used to comic books shooting or even completely killing characters. But we're also used to the aftermath being more about revenge, with moments of sadness and reflection pushed back to the end of the story. It's sufficient to affect some readers, but I can't recall it ever really happening for me. The very first comic book I ever bought was The Transformers #24, which concluded with the death of Optimus Prime. Talk about a doozy to walk into..! That set the tone for me as a reader.

Despite the fantastic/supernatural Entities, Clean Room has so far been grounded in recognizable reality. Dedicating this entire issue just to Astrid's team reacting to her being shot is the finest example so far, because there's a realness to their reactions. Capone is furious and explosive. Killian is forced to restrain herself to only seething, with too many things to attend to to take time to process anything. The issue is frenetic, and Jon Davis-Hunt deserves special recognition for how visceral the whole thing is visually. Facial reactions are always important for conveying emotion and mood, and this whole issue is wall to wall emotion and mood. He brought his A game, though, and elevates this issue to about as high a level as I think I've ever experienced in a comic.

Story page 15, in which Killian extorts a surgeon into abandoning one patient to rush to Astrid, reveals to us some new insight into what the organization knows (or, at least, what it's been telling the suckers lining up to fill its coffers; hard to tell). In panel 4 of this page, Killian threatens: "When they come...when they take Earth and only the blue card allows entry into sanctuary...your family will burn with the rest of humanity." Armageddon is quite an escalation from the Entities coercing people into committing suicide or attacking them themselves, but the other key thing to glean from this is that the characterization of it sounds more like Killian is describing an alien invasion than a demonic uprising. Again, though, it's hard to guess along with Gail Simone and this may be a misread on my part.

One last thing. I haven't really mentioned Jenny Frison's covers for the series so far, save for sharing in my review of issue #4 a sketch that a friend of mine did based on her cover for issue #2 that he had me brush over with water to demonstrate the wash feature of my sketching pencils. The cover to issue #8 is the least immediately engaging cover of the series to date, but as the story progressed I came to appreciate its significance. This is not at all the kind of cover we're used to seeing for such an issue; on the contrary, we're used to seeing covers that are far more exciting than the stories that take place on the inside. There's something about the muted grays and soft pink highlights in particular that make the stoic, static image of Duncan, Killian, and Capone standing together with pistols held up feel eerier than I initially gave it credit. This isn't a poster-friendly piece, but it may be the most daring of the book's run so far.

Clean Room #1 Complete Script
Written by Gail Simone | Limited Edition of 30
Issue One (Second Revision)
Sold by Gail Simone at Emerald City Comicon, 27-29 March 2016

By happenstance, one of my friends attended Emerald City Comicon this year and I was able to arrange to have him pick up for me one of the thirty copies of this script that Gail Simone had printed for sale. I've long been fascinated by things like screenplays and scripts, and when the opportunity arose to get hold of this, I leaped at it. In particular, I wanted to see what this twisted book looked like in its infancy. This is what Clean Room looked like before Jon Davis-Hunt created the series's visual aesthetics.

I've read in other scripts of Simone's that she often describes specifically what she does -- and does not -- want in a given shot. There are explicit directions, for instance, that in the scene where Chloe wades topless into the water to drown that it not be at all sexualized. She also provided Davis-Hunt with links to online images for references of some of the things that she wanted, including the German town of Unna, where the Entity attack on Astrid took place.

Perhaps the most interesting line of direction that I read was about story page eight:
If you have ever conveyed despair, and giving up, in an image, this is the one to heap that feeling on, please. It's tragic, how perfect her resolve is. But sad, because everything she is and all the gifts she has are not enough, they bring her no comfort.
That's a hell of a thing to task an artist with imagining and realizing. (Of course, Jon Davis-Hunt deftly created the imagery that was asked of him in the published issue.)

I also learned a few little details that I don't think I consciously processed from the issue, including the fact that "The truck has a ROOK design on the door, like a rook in chess". I also got a kick for some reason out of the specificity that there "are two mostly empty bottles of cheap RED wine." I know that Simone doesn't drink, so I found it all the more curious that it be important to her that the wines be red. (For whatever it's worth, I'm almost exclusively into reds, so I approve of Simone's and Chloe's taste.)

After reading this script and the last two issues, Astrid has been solidified as one of my favorite comic characters. It did not escape my notice that the back cover of this script is a solid pink page.

Credits, Issues #7 & #8
Gail Simone - Writer
Jon Davis-Hunt - Artist
Quinton Winter - Colorist
Todd Klein - Letterer
Jenny Frison - Cover
Rowena Yow - Assoc. Ed. (Issue #7)
Molly Mahan - Assoc. Ed. (Issue #8)
Shelly Bond - Editor
Clean Room is created by Gail Simone

20 May 2016

"Clean Room" #5-6 by Gail Simone

I've fallen behind in blogging about Clean Room, but I've remained an active reader until last month. I bought issue #7 on time, but only today got around to reading it. Issue #8 came out yesterday. I've simply been too physically run down to do much of anything, including reading comics, for most of the last month. And, let's be honest: Clean Room isn't comfort food. So here's the first of two catch-up posts, this one devoted to issues #5 and #6, which conclude the book's opening arc, which will be collected next month as Clean Room Vol. 1: Immaculate Conception.

SPOILERS FOLLOW

Clean Room #5
"All the Wrong Places"
$3.99 | 24 pages | Published 17 February 2016

Issue #5 picks up exactly where issue #4 left off, with Astrid in the Clean Room, where her assistant Terry had just shot in the head Jonas Kemf, the man who drove the truck that ran over Astrid as a child. Jonas was hosting an Entity, and Terry shot him out of fear. Astrid reacted not with gratitude, but with anger and despair; having the Entity trapped in her Clean Room was her objective. Losing the advantage of having him contained for questioning would be disastrous.

So...time for disaster!

News of actor and Astrid follower Rand Tanner's suicide is setting off a public relations nightmare for the organization. Killian Reed's solution was to dispatch underling Capone to blackmail movie star Chrissy Delecorte into throwing Reed under the bus by making a public statement that he'd rejected Astrid's efforts to help him. This takes place on story pages 5-7, primarily in Delecorte's hot tub. If we were to look at Jon Davis-Hunt's artwork without any captions, it might appear to be some kind of seduction. Capone strips completely nude and wades into the hot tub, even managing to get Chrissy to use a massager on her back by the end of the sequence.

But there are captions on those pages, and they're outright sinister. Capone quickly outlines that the organization already knows Chrissy is pregnant, and how that will be incorporated into the lies Chrissy will tell about Rand Tanner. If she cooperates, the organization will get her movie career back on track. Otherwise, they'll destroy her. Capone outlines all of this in a mere eight panels. This is something straight out of Dallas, y'all, and I love me some Dallas.

I also want to praise Jon Davis-Hunt for his work on this sequence. The body language and facial expressions are perfect. Chrissy is clearly defensive; Capone, predatory. Look at the last two panels of story page 6. The change in Capone's expression, from narrowed eyes and clenched jaw to wide toothed grin is outright creepy. The entire power dynamics between the two women shifted in the few centimeters between those two panels. It takes Chrissy the next page to realize it, but we know from Capone's smile that she's already won.

Credit also to Quinton Winter's colors throughout the book, but especially that sequence. The blue hues make it an inviting setting, but the lighting on the characters' faces is just eerie enough that at a glance, we can tell that even if we might want to be in that hot tub, we wouldn't want to be there now.

Why did I just devote four paragraphs to a three-page minor plot point, other than that it occasioned me to mention my love for Dallas? Because it's a great example of how Simone has kept this world rooted in our own. It would be easy to just focus at this point on the Entities; they're either supernatural or extraterrestrial or whatever they are, but whatever it is, it's inherently more exciting than extortion for the sake of good publicity.

In the long run, it's easy to guess that how the public views Astrid will become increasingly important to the plot, and this is an early, small move whose consequences may or may not become important as we go. Even if it doesn't, though; even if Chrissy Delecorte and Rand Tanner are never mentioned again, we'll have spent three full pages watching how Astrid's people conduct business and being reminded that there are still other things transpiring in this storytelling universe aside from the Entities. In short, by focusing on something so small, it expands the scope of the story.

Most of the rest of issue 5 is devoted to Astrid confronting the Entity, who has taken over Terry, and Chloe confronting another Entity named Spark. Not much happens there, but I do want to make mention of one thing. Spark explains to Chloe that one of the things he did to a previous victim whom he possessed: "I made her say the most AWFUL things. Sex things."

When I was in inpatient treatment last year for my own mental health issues, there was a patient there suffering from decades of PTSD related to abuse. She tried to talk about her experiences, but kept covering her mouth and crying, saying she didn't want to be a bad girl and say those things, but that a demon insisted she would, or else he would do heinous things to her. It was possibly the most heartbreaking thing I've ever experienced. I'm not qualified to say just what that "demon" was that tormented this other patient, but I want to believe that maybe it might find some semblance of Spark's remorse and that she's able to begin finding some of the peace that she's been cheated out of her whole life.

These life experiences of mine aren't on Gail Simone's mind when she writes, of course, but they're things that are part of my relationship with her work. She brushes against them, sometimes throttling them. Sometimes I see something in a single panel that provokes a visceral flashback. Sometimes I reflexively fill in the blanks of what she's written, even if she didn't intend there to be blanks to be filled in at all.

Anyway, back to the actual story. Astrid uses the Clean Room to exploit what she knows of Terry's carried guilt to break the Entity's hold on him. The more I think about the Clean Room and what Astrid accomplishes there, the more I think of Sybok in Star Trek V: The Final Frontier. Except, where Sybok used his ability to tap into peoples' most traumatizing life experiences to help them find release so he can recruit them into his cult, Astrid uses it to gain leverage.
"I'll let you in on a little secret, Terry. I don't choose my rooks for their invulnerability. It's important that I have a fail-safe, do you understand? I need to be able to break them. So I leave a crack in the tea cup." - Astrid, story page 20, panels 4 and 5.
Again, I have to praise Jon Davis-Hunt's artwork. This is a cold thing to do and admit, but there's obvious tenderness from Astrid at this moment. She knows she's just severely hurt Terry, and she knows his time as her assistant has come to an end. And she'll go to bed at night knowing it was necessary, because otherwise the Entity was going to kill her and do God knows what else with Terry. But in this moment, she's surprisingly soft. Notice also that she keeps her hands on her own knees, rather than make any physical contact with Terry. It's a striking visual reminder of the distance Astrid maintains between herself and others.

Oh, and the Entity named Spark flakes out on murdering Chloe, so The Surgeon arrives at the end of the issue to deal with her himself.

Clean Room #6
"The Surgeon Walks"
$3.99 | 24 pages | Published 16 March 2016

The first arc of the book reaches its crescendo, as Chloe is confronted by the Entity known as "The Surgeon", who appears as an elderly white guy who looks about as threatening as former President Jimmy Carter. He speaks with the measured, elaborate mannerisms of a southern gentleman. When Chloe first opens her door to him, he introduces himself on story page 9: "Well, hello, Chloe. You're looking just fine, little missy. But you have put us in a real pickle. May I come in?"

No, Gail Simone isn't reinventing the wheel here to make her villain well-mannered and polite. It's an old juxtaposition. But, like dedicating three pages to Capone's hot tub extortion in issue #5, it's something that fleshes out the scope and flavor of this universe. Credit her for deciding he isn't "just" polite, but elaborately so. Within that four sentence introduction, we've already deduced that he's soft-spoken. But we can also hear the Southern accent without any of the exaggerated phonetic spellings that comic book writers often inject to make sure readers get that. Creating a distinctive voice is difficult in the first place (or, at least, it has been for me in my writing efforts to date), but to make it so clear from the outset is truly impressive. Don't believe me? Try it. Make up the first few sentences an imaginary character all of your own invention would say.

It certainly helps, of course, to have Jon Davis-Hunt and Quinton Winter creating the visuals. An entire page is dedicated to The Surgeon being revealed at Chloe's door on story page 9. It's nighttime, so the exterior world is appropriately dark, but there's surprising restraint regarding the lighting. There isn't anything overtly ominous about the image. Even with the dialog captions, it looks entirely benign...at least, taken out of context and viewed all by itself.

There are two revelations in this issue. Firstly, Spark shows Chloe what actually happened to her fiance Philip: a recording from Astrid explaining the Entities and shows him some of their handiwork, all of which overwhelms him. You may recall, Dear Reader, that I was originally shaken by the book's suicide content when I read issue #1 to the point that I thought maybe I shouldn't even keep going. Perhaps there's no handier illustration just how much work I've done over the previous several months on my mental health than to say that I'm stable enough now that seeing Philip hold the gun under his chin on story page 7, with "BLAMM" sound effect in red and panels of his blood splashing on the observing cat didn't trigger an anxiety attack.

When I read issue #2, I wrote the following:
The top panel of story page 18 has Astrid coldly dismiss Chloe's insistence that she couldn't just let Fennister go: "I am not law enforcement, Chloe. I was looking for something else." Chloe believes that Astrid has shrugged off Fennister's confession, having deemed him "clean", but I expect we're going to see Detective Markos find his mangled corpse at some point, tormented into killing himself by the hallucinations that appear to be developed in the Clean Room. That, in turn, begs the question what it is that Chloe will eventually find out about her deceased fiance, Philip, that preyed on him so much that he killed himself. We know now that Astrid doesn't directly make someone suicidal; rather, they are killed by the manifestation of what is "cleaned" from them. This is rich ground for storytelling, because it gets at themes of morality and the shades of gray where monsters can become sympathetic and heroes become soiled.
So I was partly right; Astrid does use the Clean Room to break through whatever checks a person has in place against their torment, but it isn't because she's playing Judge, Jury & Executioner, and what happened to Philip wasn't his own darkness being used against him. It was him being completely overwhelmed by what she shared with him about the Entities. I suspect we're meant to infer that may have also been what prompted Rand Tanner to take his life. It's a bit like Navy SEAL training, which notoriously breaks many candidates, except instead of being a grueling challenge of the human body's ability to survive inhospitable environs, she loses potential recruits to the fragility of their minds to process what she's exposing.

I'm getting ahead of myself, but in issue #7, Chloe notes that "...people use that word ["suicidal"] as if it's a hat you decide to put on one day. It isn't." Philip surely already had suicidal tendencies, probably part of what led him to seek out Astrid in the first place. Firstly, I thank Gail Simone for addressing the issue that suicidal ideation is rarely (if ever) spontaneous. It's something that can lay dormant and then become overwhelming so quickly it may appear to be spontaneous, but it isn't. That's an important point that we collectively need to start addressing more clearly in our conversations about mental health.

Secondly, though, it helps us to recognize that Philip wasn't merely a happy-go-lucky ordinary dude who got freaked out one time and overreacted. Astrid misjudged how stable he was and whether he was ready for what she had to show him. It's as simple as that. (Unless she knew how unstable he was and tipped the scales against him deliberately for some reason. Hard to guess along with Astrid and Simone alike!)

The other big revelation of this issue is that the Entities have some kind of aerial abode, which Astrid's recruit Dr. Hagen (introduced in issue #4 and not referenced since) has spent fifteen years trying to locate and find a way to attack. Their solution is a "cloudbuster" battleship allegedly capable of "blow[ing] [their] invisible city out of Heaven." After acquiescing to Astrid's threat, The Surgeon answers Chloe's question of just what he and his ilk are.
"Are we aliens, or demons, is that what you mean, Chloe Pierce? Overlords or angels? We are none of those things. We are inmates."
So, thanks for clearing up that little mystery...!

The issue, and hence the arc, concludes with Chloe and Astrid appearing to make some form of amends and begin to shift toward a more collaborative relationship, but there's certainly still a lot of suspicion.

Astrid isn't the villain of the story, at least not at this point, though her methods are indefensibly shady and violent. She's evolving into a truly complex character, and I think the part that makes her the most commanding is that she's the one who has the most answers...and yet, she clearly doesn't have enough of them, either.

Credits, both issues
Gail Simone - writer
Jon Davis-Hunt - artist
Quinton Winter - colorist
Todd Klein - letterer
Jenny Frison - cover
Rowena Yow - associate editor
Shelly Bond - editor
Clean Room is created by Gail Simone

04 May 2016

Playlist - Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker

Newer fans will know that today has become Star Wars Day because the Internet community loves puns ("May the Fourth Be With You"), but older fans will recognize the significance of the subtitle I've given this playlist. The novelization ghostwritten by Alan Dean Foster from George Lucas's screenplay to the original movie was published with the branding, "From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker". That was printed on all ten of the novels published during the time of the original trilogy: Foster's own Splinter of the Mind's Eye, Brian F. Daley's Han Solo trilogy, L. Neil Smith's Lando Calrissian trilogy, and the adaptations of The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi. My use of it here is to signify that the scope of this playlist is confined to that specific era.

All music composed by John Williams and performed by London Symphony Orchestra, except where noted.

1. Twentieth Century Fox Fanfare with CinemaScope Extension
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology | Composed by Max Steiner

Though the Fox Fanfare will no longer play before Star Wars movies, it was the first music we viewers heard in theaters or on VHS. It felt especially appropriate for this playlist to open with it.

2. "Main Title" from Star Wars
From Star Wars - Original Soundtrack

It may be fashionable these days to go instead with the film version, "Main Title/Blockade Runner", but I have a soft spot for the album version which segues into an abridgment of the end titles fanfare. That's the genius of John Williams: he understands music for film, but he also understands it for the album format. Plus, "Princess Leia's Theme" appears in the middle of this arrangement.

3. "The Desert and the Robot Auction" from Star Wars
From Star Wars - Original Soundtrack

I loved the Super Star Wars video game, particularly because it let me spend uncounted hours zooming around the desert of Tatooine blasting Jawas to Kingdom Come. Contemptuous as I became of those little snots, I've always dug their musical motif. "The Little People Work" is fuller, but "The Desert/Robot Auction" is shorter and perfectly sufficient for the purpose of this playlist. Plus, this piece concludes with the upbeat theme for Luke Skywalker, which I think helps set up the next track nicely.

4. "Lando's Palace" from The Empire Strikes Back
From The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture - The Empire Strikes Back

Williams's Cloud City theme is appropriately airy and inviting, conveying the kind of idealistic society that seemingly exists in that lofty place on Bespin. Seguing directly from Luke's theme at the end of "The Desert/Robot Auction" into this piece feels right. Halfway into the piece, the tone changes as the film scene shifts back to Dagobah, where Luke is troubled by his vision of his friends in danger. A forlorn version of the Force theme underscores his debate with Yoda, and the piece that began so optimistically ends with uncertainty.

5. "The Forest Battle" from Return of the Jedi
From Return of the Jedi - The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack

Just as John Williams understands music for film as well as album, he also understands it for concert performance, and that's what this piece is. I placed it here because it was time for some action, and I think it represents a decisive turn away from the ending of "Lando's Palace". Also, because this piece incorporates the theme for the Ewoks, it retains a certain levity that felt right at this point.

6. "The Imperial March (Darth Vader's Theme)" from The Empire Strikes Back
From The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture - The Empire Strikes Back

The levity and triumph of "The Forest Battle" is short lived, snuffed out by what may be the single most iconic composition in the entire Star Wars library. "The Imperial March" dominates the soundscape of this storytelling universe, and it was high time to introduce it in this playlist.

7. "Brother and Sister" from Return of the Jedi
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology

Central to the Star Wars Trilogy is the Skywalker family, the full scope of which is finally revealed in this moment, when Luke tells Leia that not only is Darth Vader his father, but hers, too. I went with "Brother and Sister" instead of the fuller, concert arrangement "Luke and Leia" for a few reasons. For one thing, it's more thematically complex, including reprisals of "Princess Leia's Theme", "The Imperial March", and the love theme for "Han Solo and the Princess" at the end. Also, it's shorter than "Luke and Leia" by a minute or so. This piece wasn't included on the truncated original soundtrack album, and only appears in a ten minute suite on the expanded 1997 & 2004 releases, which is why I selected it from the Anthology box set.

8. "Yoda's Theme" from The Empire Strikes Back
From The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture - The Empire Strikes Back

What makes "Yoda's Theme" so terrific is that it's elegant, but it's also whimsical. I think Yoda has come to occupy a place in our collective consciousness of dignity, which is deserved, but I think we've forgotten just how goofy he was when we first met him. Sure, we're meant to accept that he was just messing with Luke at that point, but there's a certain mischievousness that's conveyed in his theme that's worth remembering, too.

9. "Han Solo and the Princess" from The Empire Strikes Back
From The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture - The Empire Strikes Back

If I have one disappointment, it's that this love theme -- perhaps my single favorite theme in the entire series -- has never had its own concert arrangement. Halfway through, this film track shifts to "The Imperial March" and Darth Vader's conference with The Emperor. It's effective and helps keep that theme central to the musical narrative, at least.

10. "Cantina Band" from Star Wars
From Star Wars - Original Soundtrack

There aren't many places to insert "Cantina Band" where it isn't a conspicuous jump from whatever played before it. I elected to place it here, back-to-back with "Jabba the Hutt", as a sort of interlude in the overall narrative.

11. "Jabba the Hutt" from Return of the Jedi
Performed by The Skywalker Symphony
From John Williams Conducts John Williams - The Star Wars Trilogy

Jabba's theme appears as part of the film cue, "Han Solo Returns (At the Court of Jabba the Hutt)", but I have a strong preference to this concert arrangement from an album Williams recorded with the Skywalker Symphony. The tuba is terrific, and the theme is so fascinating to me that I felt it deserved to be represented all on its own, even if it meant going outside the official soundtrack recordings.

12. "Princess Leia's Theme" from Star Wars
From Star Wars - Original Soundtrack

Sometimes I'm in love with the elegance and romanticism of this piece, and sometimes I wish it was about a minute and a half shorter. In any event, I like the idea of opening "Act II" of this playlist with it. Initially, it doesn't feel like a dramatic leap from "Jabba the Hutt", but as it progresses, it leads us further back to the overarching aesthetics of the soundscape of the Star Wars galaxy.

13. "The Emperor Confronts Luke" from Return of the Jedi
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology

We're back to the central conflict of the Trilogy, now introducing The Emperor's haunting theme. I considered "The Emperor" from the original soundtrack album, which is shorter, but it doesn't feature the choral singing that makes this piece so eerie. This piece was retitled "The Emperor's Throne Room" for the 1997 & 2004 expanded soundtrack releases.

14. "The Asteroid Field" from The Empire Strikes Back
From The Original Soundtrack from the Motion Picture - The Empire Strikes Back

"The Emperor Confronts Luke" is dark, but it's also a bit sedate. "The Asteroid Field" is still dark -- it's dominated by "The Imperial March", especially early -- but it's also frenetic. Our heroes score a much-needed victory here, celebrated with a triumphant reprisal of "Han Solo and the Princess", but that fades out with some uncertainty...

15. "Final Duel" from Return of the Jedi
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology

Getting our paws on this cue was perhaps the single most compelling reason to own the Anthology box set. It was subsequently included in the 1997 and 2004 expanded soundtrack albums, but there as part of a longer suite. The sweeping strings and solemn choral vocals elevate this from mere fight to something far larger. Our understanding of what is at stake is informed directly by this composition.

16. "Here They Come!" from Star Wars
Performed by The Skywalker Symphony
From John Williams Conducts John Williams - The Star Wars Trilogy

Because "Final Duel" ends with the fanfare that accompanies the Rebel assault on the Death Star, it seemed appropriate for this cue here. This is a concert arrangement of the music that accompanies the dogfight between the Millennium Falcon and TIE Fighters. I favored this version performed by the Skywalker Symphony over the film and soundtrack version, "Ben's Death and TIE Fighter Attack" chiefly because it gets straight into the action. The death of Obi-Wan Kenobi is important, but its musical representation has always felt a bit odd out of context to me.

17. "Darth Vader's Death" from Return of the Jedi
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology

Old timers may recall resorting to buying a re-recorded album by Varujan Kojian and the Utah Symphony Orchestra for their version of this before the Anthology box set finally made the original version available to us. What may be perhaps the most interesting thing about "Darth Vader's Death" is how it repurposes "The Imperial March" into something somber and surprisingly tender.

18. "Ewok Celebration [Film Version from Return of the Jedi]/End Credits [from The Empire Strikes Back]
From Star Wars Trilogy: Original Soundtrack Anthology

Firstly, "Ewok Celebration" had to be part of the From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker playlist, because its replacement in the Special Edition was such a big deal for fans of that earlier era. This recording is the one from the film, which differs noticeably from the soundtrack album version. That kind of made it feel like the right version to represent the movies, but there were other reasons I went with this track. I felt that the Ewok and "Luke & Leia" themes that were revisited in the Jedi end credits were sufficiently represented elsewhere. The Empire end credits suite includes "The Imperial March", which emerged as probably the most important theme of the trilogy, plus it also gives me one last burst of "Han Solo and the Princess". Lastly, this is just such an anomalous rarity, and I dig including those things in playlists.

19. "Star Wars Main Theme/Cantina Band" [12" Disco Mix]
From Star Wars Main Theme/Cantina Band promo single by Meco

As a sort of "encore", I felt obliged to include this hit disco take on the "Main Title" and "Cantina Band" arranged and performed by Meco. This 7:34 extended version was released for DJ's, and was included in the 1999 CD issue of the original Music Inspired by Star Wars and Other Galactic Funk LP.

20. "Lapti Nek (Jabba's Palace Band) Club Mix" from Return of the Jedi
Vocals by Michelle Gruska | Music by John Williams, Huttese lyric by Annie M. Arbogast
From Special Extended Dance Remix of "Lapti Nek"

"Lapti Nek" was lifted from Return of the Jedi: Special Edition in favor of "Jedi Rocks". But 14 years before it was deemed replaceable, it had at least two single releases. One is where I got this extended version. There's also a 12" single credited to "Urth" featuring "Lapti Nek Overture", which amalgamates "Lapti Nek" and "Ewok Celebration". The vocals on that version were recorded by Joseph Williams, son of John Williams, who also composed the English lyrics.

21. "A Day to Celebrate" from The Star Wars Holiday Special
Vocals by Carrie Fisher as Princess Leia
From The Star Wars Vault

To this day, I've never seen The Star Wars Holiday Special, but this recording appears on the first of the two CD's included with the massive Star Wars Vault hardcover book featuring reproductions of all manner of memorabilia. It seemed the right way to close out From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker.


01 May 2016

"The Middleman": The Complete Pan-Universal Blog Post

I was first introduced to The Middleman when I found "The Pilot Episode Sanction" free on iTunes in 2008. I downloaded it 10 June that year, but I shamefully admit I never got around to actually watching it until 30 May 2011, when I squeezed it into my comic book/superhero-themed Make-Your-Own Challenge for DVD Talk. I got a kick out of it, and made a mental note to explore the comic book source material and to watch the rest of the show. As with so many interests of mine, it took me a while. Finally, I requested both The Middleman: The Complete Series Indispensability! collected edition and The Middleman: The Complete Series DVD box set through the inter-library loan system. In the span of about a week, I gorged on The Middleman.

The Middleman: The Complete Series Indispensability!
Written by Javier Grillo-Marxuach
Pencils & Inks by Les McClaine (Vol. 1 & 2)
Pencils by Les McClaine & Chad Thomas (Vol. 3)
Inks by Les McClaine, Jon Siruno & Chad Thomas (Vol. 3)
Letters by Jim Resnowski & Jon Siruno
Cover Price: $19.95 | 336 pages | 25 July 2008

The comic book material consists of two four-issue mini-series, and a third volume published as a graphic novel equivalent in size and structure to its predecessors. In the first volume (collected as The Trade Paperback Imperative), struggling artist Wendy Watson is recruited into a Men in Black-type organization to assist The Middleman in solving "exotic" problems (such as a computer controlled gorilla mobster). Of all Wendy's personality traits, it's her calm acceptance of such things that best suits her for the work. It's a nice touch, because generally in stories like this, the newcomer has to be convinced that such fantastic things really do exist. Yet after decades of comic books, movies, TV shows and video games, it really does seem increasingly unlikely that in the event of that reality that there wouldn't be a moment of, "Okay, I've read/seen/played stuff like that so why not?"

Throughout the three volumes, Wendy and The Middleman confront a gorilla bumping off mob bosses, become ensnared in a blood feud between martial artist Sensei Ping and a cult of Mexican wrestlers, and a final confrontation with The Middleman's arch-nemesis: Kanimang Kang, leader of the Federated Agents of Tyranny, Betrayal and Oppression's Yoke.

Tone-wise, The Middleman is clearly a kindred spirit of Danger Girl and The Tick. In fact, artist Les McClaine followed his work on this book by moving onto working on The Tick: New Series. His artistic style seems very easily suitable for Ben Edlund's big blue hero and The City in which he operates. Facial expressions are a particularly strong point of McClaine's. Much of the humor from Javier Grillo-Marxuach's tongue-in-cheek dialog is sold by McClaine's artwork. If he goes much lighter, then the serious moments seem too dark. If the art is more detailed and more realistic, then it becomes too stuffy to support the playful script. In short, this is the perfect marriage of text and imagery.

The second volume was supplemented by three different "Legends of the Middleman" short stories, showcasing Middlemen of different eras. It very much reminded me of my beloved Legends of the Dark Knight, particularly "Destiny." Those three stories were each illustrated by a different artist: Josh Howard, Tom Kurzanski and Ryan Cody (with tones by Russ Lowery and Cody), respectively. Of the three, I preferred the first tale, featuring a medieval Middleman tasked with slaying a dragon that keeps killing off warriors from two different kingdoms who wish to go to war with one another. Josh Howard's art is cleaner and easier to follow than is Kurzanski's, and has a lighter feeling to it than Cody's. "Legends of the Middleman" appears in The Complete Series Indispensability! not after the volume 2 content it originally accompanied, but after the third volume.

The Middleman #1 is available free on Comixology.


The Middleman The Complete Series
List Price: $29.98 | 360 minutes | DVD Released 28 July 2009
Order from Amazon
Official Shout! Factory Page
Download in HD from iTunes

Despite only lasting twelve episodes on ABC Family, The Middleman television series actually consists of far more content than its source material. "The Pilot Episode Sanction" is a straight adaptation of the original four-issue mini-series, introducing us as viewers to this milieu. The second series was adapted as the third episode ("The Sino-Mexican Revelation"). Plot points from the third volume appear in different episodes, but it was never outright adapted.

Matt Keeslar and Natalie Morales portray The Middleman and Wendy. Keeslar nailed the "aw, shucks" persona of The Middleman, creating a heroic throwback to the kinds of characters we often like to think we've outgrown but later discover we really, secretly take comfort in knowing are still out there somewhere. Morales alternates easily from being a snarky art hipster to the girl next door. Her Wendy is noticeably different from her counterpart on the printed page, but endearing and likable all the same. The chemistry among the main cast is solid, particularly Keeslar and Morales with one another. Both are also terrific to watch with Brit Morgan (whose Lacey Thornfield is significantly more relevant and interesting than the character of the comics).

As a TV series, The Middleman feels at times like the 1966 Batman but mostly it feels a lot like a modern-era USA Network series. In particular, I felt a solid resemblance to Psych (my personal USA fave). Indeed, I have to wonder whether it would have found its proper audience had it been developed for that network instead of the oft-overlooked ABC Family. It's a standard monster-of-the-week show, and some jaded viewers may dismiss it as too familiar. It's a fair criticism, but at times the show was genuinely clever.


The two strongest episodes are probably "The Cursed Tuba Contingency" and the finale, "The Palindrome Reversal Palindrome." In the former, The Middleman and Wendy have to find and stop someone from playing a tuba cursed to drown everyone who hears it in the icy waters of the north Atlantic. As it turns out, the villain of the week was born a century ago and actually played the tuba aboard the Titanic. He's cursed with immortality, and hopes to kill everyone with a noted interest in the legend of the tuba all at once so as to stop being the focus of their interest.

In the finale, Wendy is mistakenly sent to an alternate universe straight out of Escape from New York. The connections couldn't be clearer. The alternate Middleman sports shaggy hair, scruff and an eye patch, and one location is twice identified as being on 1997 Plissken Circle (1997 was the year in which the sequel, Escape from L.A., was released). Such allusions and nods are a part of seemingly all geek-centric entertainment, and The Middleman did them as well as any other show on TV.

In one of the final scenes of the episode, The Middleman ponders to Wendy how close he must be to his alternate self. It's a commonly asked question in alternate universe stories, but what I appreciated was Wendy's response. She concedes the point, but argues that it goes both ways; that his alternate self is just as close to being him. It's an optimistic perspective to have, and one that I found resonated with me.

As for the DVD release, there are commentary tracks on four of the twelve episodes (including both the pilot and finale) and the fourth disc contains numerous bonus features from deleted and alternate scenes to a table read of the finale. Shout! Factory did a solid job with this release. My only complaint is that the package art shows Morales in a cat suit. ABC Family apparently insisted on making that the basis of her appearance in the marketing campaign for the show, despite the fact she only appears like that in part of one episode. I can't fault Shout! for using what they were given, but it's definitely another example of how ABC Family failed to really understand what they had or what to do with it.

I think my favorite moment is in the Week 7 episode of the "Javi-cast" in which Javier Grillo-Marxuach asks Hans Beimler to mention some of his other work. Beimler mentions Star Trek: The Next Generation and then Grillo-Marxuach adds, "And of course, one of my favorite shows, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine." Apparently, my friend Chad and I aren't the only ones who actually favor DS9 over TNG. That brings the known total to three people!

Also amusing was Brit Morgan's audition footage, and I got a kick out of "The Palindrome Reversal Palindrome" table read.

Note: Because I checked out the DVD box set through inter-library loan, I did not have access to the booklet. The promotional image shown below features the episode guide, "Getting to know your...TRUTH BOMB." I cannot comment on the contents of that booklet.
The Long-Delayed Continuation

What you've seen above, I wrote four years ago, because there was one last piece to The Middleman that I wanted to get hold of before concluding this catch-all post. The Middleman show was canceled after a dozen episodes, but was "concluded" with a graphic novel adaptation of an unfilmed teleplay written by series co-creator Javier Grillo-Marxuach and series co-executive producer, Hans Beimler. Unfortunately, it was already out of print by time I went looking for it. Thankfully, after a successful Kickstarter, the entire Middleman print adventures were put back into print, and thanks to my dedicated and delightful librarian @bookrarian, I was finally able to read it!

The Middleman - Volume Four - The Doomsday Armageddon Apocalypse
Second edition
Written by Javier Grillo-Marxuach & Hans Beimler
Art by Les McClaine & Armando M. Zanker
Cover Price: $25.00 | 72 pages | Reprint published 23 July 2014
Order from Amazon

This was the planned season finale of the TV show. Not only does the story at hand tap into the continuity of the show, rather than the original book, but even the visual aesthetic is clearly different. Likenesses aren't necessarily spot-on (perhaps rights issues?), but even if Wendy Watson doesn't quite look like Natalie Morales, she certainly doesn't look like the original Dub Dub, either.

Four years having passed between my last visit to The Middleman universe left me in need of some refreshers, and thankfully Javier Grillo-Marxuach seems to have anticipated that, peppering in expository dialog and editor's notes along the way. Some readers find that kind of thing a bit off-putting, juvenile or pandering. I appreciate it, at least when it's done right, and Grillo-Marxuach does it right.

Most of the elements that I enjoyed in the comics and the show were here, and I was surprised how easily I slipped back into them after all this time. In particular, I had forgotten about Noser, the guitarist who hangs out on the stoop of Wendy's apartment. Jake Smollett played the bit part affably, and I forgot until the character reappeared here how much I dug him.

What did not feel right, though, was the character of The Middleman himself. Not only does he swear here ("dammit!", no less than twice!), but he even slips away at one point to sleep with Wendy's roommate, young photogenic artist Lacey Thornfield! It sets up what is supposed to be a tragic downer of unrequited love never to be realized, but the break in characterization is simply too startling for this reader.

The Middleman - Volume 5 - The Pan-Universal Parental Paradox
Written by Javier Grillo-Marxuach
Layouts, Creator-Owned Reality Pencils, and Letters by Les McClaine
Corporate-Owned Reality Pencils and Inks by Armando M. Zanker
Creator-Owned Reality Inks by Terry Blas
Colors by Ryan Hill
Cover Price $25.00 | 106 pages | 30 September 2014
Order from Amazon

For one last adventure, Javier Grillo-Marxuach brought both incarnations of his universe together in this crowd-funded graphic novel, in which Comic Book Wendy and TV Show Wendy collide. Unlike the edgier tone of its predecessor, The Pan-Universal Parental Paradox is a natural continuation of both iterations. The story picks up after the last we saw of both universes, with Comic Book Clarence dead and Comic Book Wendy's dad having returned after years of being mysteriously gone.

The relationship dynamics between Comic Book Wendy and Comic Book Wendy's Dad are interesting enough, but even more interesting is the relationship between Comic Book Wendy's Dad and TV Wendy, who aren't technically one another's family. She has questions that he honestly cannot answer. It's a surprisingly touching realization, and I think anyone who has ever tried to help someone make sense of things said or done by another person can identify with that helplessness.

Also, the banter between the two Wendies is terrific, especially when they acknowledge that Comic Book Wendy is a redheaded caucasian and TV Wendy is based on the Hispanic Natalie Morales. And, of course, there aren't just Star Trek jokes; there's even a Deep Space Nine joke! The villain's plot isn't all that interesting, but it's a serviceable enough device for bringing together the two universes and it's fun to watch everyone together. At the very least, I can say it's a more satisfying finale than was The Doomsday Armageddon Apocalypse.

All in all, I dug The Middleman in both incarnations. Yes, it's shamelessly derivative, which is unfortunately all too common in the Family Guy era of meta-humor, but what makes this universe stand out is that it isn't mean-spirited. It's sarcastic, certainly, but Javier Grillo-Marxuach never tries to make us feel smarter than the people who aren't reading the book. He trusts us to simply enjoy it, and I did.

29 April 2016

Things I Love: Dogs in Cars

I haven't written much in awhile, but I was in traffic a few days ago and saw one of the great joys in life: a dog in a car. Dogs love riding in cars so much that I can't even envy them that level of ecstasy. It's contagious, and it always makes me smile just to witness that kind of exuberance. Take a look at this picture of my friend Stephanie's dog, Boomer:

©Stephanie Cumbea. Used with permission.
Is that not the very image of happiness? (Or coolness, really!) Like, I look at this and I just want to be in the seat next to this dog, trying to catch some secondhand excitement from the wind blowing in his face, myriad scents way beyond our primitive human noses to recognize getting his mind all a-tingle.

The best part may even be when the car has to come to a stop. Ever pay any attention to a dog in a stopped car? That dog is looking around with some hardcore swagger. "I'M RIDING IN A CAR, Y'ALL! Not every dog gets to ride in cars, but I do!" Then it makes eye contact with you and it's like, "I'm in the car club, too! You like riding in cars? I love it! I love riding in cars! We go so fast! I can't believe how fast we go! We're so cool to ride in cars and go so fast!"

©Stephanie Cumbea. Used with permission.
If I had a series of things I hate, cars would be the first thing I wrote about. I hate driving, I hate the hassle of maintenance, I hate the cost. I hate traffic. I hate parking. In fact, the only thing a car can do that interests me is turn into a robot and fight another robot. So, no, I'm not really in that club with you, dog. I'm not cool enough to be in your club. I'm just lucky enough to get to sometimes watch you bask in your own glory, and for the minutes or even seconds that that lasts, you make me vicariously happy.





Special thanks to Stephanie for the generous use of her photos.

21 April 2016

"Poe Dameron" #1 & "Star Wars Special: C-3PO" #1

When Disney bought Lucasfilm, one of the first obvious implications was that Marvel Comics would eventually wind up with the Star Wars license for the first time since Star Wars #107, cover dated September, 1986. I enjoyed the Expanded Universe novels and comics of the early and mid-90's, but as the number of publications in any given month kept increasing, and the stories became increasingly tangled with one another, I bailed. I soured on the EU entirely by the time of the Prequel Trilogy, when too much of the film narrative subtext and context had been outsourced. A nice little wink and a nod to reward devoted readers is one thing, but I shouldn't have to do homework in order to become invested in a movie. When Disney bought Lucasfilm, one of the first thoughts I had was that this portended not just a transfer of the Star Wars comic license back to Marvel, but that it may well mean a completely new Expanded Universe. One that may just be accessible again.

Star Wars, more than many other licensed properties, lends itself naturally to the comic book medium. I simply can't afford to read new release comics today the way I could a quarter century ago, so I've been hesitant to explore Marvel's new books, but yesterday, I happened to wind up with both Poe Dameron #1 and Star Wars Special: C-3PO #1. I had access to most, if not all, of the other current Marvel publications, though I'll confess what drew me to those in particular was simply that they connect directly with The Force Awakens.

Poe Dameron #1
"Book I, Part I: Black Squadron"
Published: April 6, 2016
Charles Soule: Writer
Phil Noto: Artist, Cover Artist
VC's Joe Caramagna: Letterer
Heather Antos: Assistant Editor
Jordan D. White: Editor
$4.99 | 32 Pages | Rated T

If I'm being honest, Poe Dameron is sixth on my list of favorite new characters from The Force Awakens, but I also understand why he's really the only one who can even really be explored at all right now outside of the movies. The upshot is that the Poe we met in the movie is entirely upbeat and lighthearted, thanks in no small part to the charisma of actor Oscar Isaac. I've likened Poe to Doug from Up, all but literally saying to Finn, "Hi! I just met you and now I love you!" There's a place for that kind of exuberance, though, and I'm glad to see it being filled and explored.

This issue sees General Leia Organa give Poe his assignment, to find Lor San Tekka (the guy played by Max von Sydow in the first few minutes of The Force Awakens). That alone tells us we're in close proximity to the current movies. We also meet Black Squadron members Snap Wexley, Karé Kun, L'ulo, Jess Pava, and Oddy Muva. Ominously, the group shot that introduces them to us on page 11 has the dialogue box from Leia telling Poe, "...make sure they're people you can trust." We can assume that Wexley and Pava are on the level because they're still flying with Poe in the movie, but the other three seem to merit some suspicion. Poe may need to start being a little less trusting than Doug, though this is all yet to be seen.

Writer Charles Soule elected to start us in the "present", then flash back for a few pages to bring us up to speed about why Poe and BB-8 are where they are. It's not a narrative convention that would be at home in the movies, but works well here, because if we open with Leia giving Poe his orders, the story is probably too perfunctory and flat to be interesting. Starting out not really knowing just what is going on or even when this is taking place, though, sets us up to ask questions from the first page. Soule also has clear command of the characters' personalities and voices. In particular, I appreciated the following exchange from story page 10:

Poe Dameron #1, Page 10, Panels 1-3, art by Phil Noto
Phil Noto's art, showcased in those three panels, is clean and easy to follow. His feel for Star Wars costumes and technology is solid, but it's his faces that really stand out. Not just because he's nailed the likenesses of the appropriate actors (even from such an indirect angle, that's definitely Oscar Isaac in panel 3 above!), but because he understands the emotional honesty of any given panel. Just look at the example above. Panel 1 is about Leia's wariness; Panel 2 is about her wanting to impress upon Poe her confidence in him; Panel 3 conjures M dismissing 007, not particularly even wanting to know the details of what's going to happen. Noto has keen feel for how to frame and light to create mood and energy, so that even a routine "here's what I want you to do" exchange doesn't feel rote.

This issue also features a backup story:

"saBBotage"
by Chris Eliopoulos with Jordie Bellaire

Here, BB-8 witnesses X-wing pilot Theo Meltsa and technician Peet Deretalia crushing on each other from afar and takes it on himself to create enough mechanical problems to bring the two together. It's cute and whimsical, in large part because of Bellaire's tonally perfect artwork. Being as concise as it is helps, too, because it's such a familiar premise. It also helps that BB-8 himself is the kind of character that lends himself so easily to this kind of scenario. Plus, I love that the crush being interracial doesn't mean anything to the characters whatsoever. This is how overcoming bigotry gets normalized.

Poe Dameron #1, "saBBotage", Page 24, Panel 5, art by Jordy Bellaire
There's time for seventeen issues to be published by time Episode VIII opens 15 December 2017, the next time Soule will have anything official to play off of with this book. That's time for three six-issue arcs, which begs the question just what the long term plan for Poe Dameron is. The framing device of searching for Lor San Tekka will almost certainly become secondary to the adventure at hand in any given issue along the way, but eventually I suspect we'll feel kind of trapped by it. For now, though, the energy level is right and there's a lot of promise to this book.

Star Wars Special: C-3PO
"The Phantom Limb"
Published: 13 April 2016
Writer: James Robinson
Artist & Cover Artist: Tony Harris
Letter: VC's Joe Caramagna
Assistant Editor: Heather Antos
Editor: Jordan D. White
$4.99 | 31 pages | Rated T

A friend bought this and lent it to me after I'd expressed curiosity in it. What he loved about it is that for once, Threepio isn't the butt of all the jokes. This is the account of how he came to have a red left arm in The Force Awakens. He's aboard a ship carrying a captured First Order droid, Omri, who has information about where Admiral Ackbar is being held. The ship crashes, killing everyone save Threepio, Omri, and a few other droids. Threepio takes command in short order, asserting that despite being a protocol droid, he's seen his fair share of action over the years and is the most experienced of the group.

The story isn't really about saving Ackbar, which doesn't even happen in the comic, or even about how C-3PO lived through being shipwrecked. It's about the relationship forged between Omri and him under special circumstances and in short time. Omri argues that he's only in the service of The First Order because that's how he was programmed, just as Threepio and the others are only in the service of the Republic/Resistance because that's how they were programmed. It's a classic nature versus nurture contemplation, but with the twist that these are sentient beings whose very will is in the hands of their programmers and owners.

I'll concur with my friend about it being nice to see this side of Threepio, and I appreciated the philosophical debate. The contrivance of the shipwreck is obviously just that, though, without any explanation even existing for why Threepio was part of this mission in the first place. The other droids are all snuffed out in a quick series of calamities, and this is also a problem for me because they haven't done anything to earn our being upset by their deaths beyond the basic expectation that we ought to be bothered by death and destruction by default.

Part of my problem with those droid deaths feeling hollow is with Tony Harris's artwork. Action sequences feel rushed and cluttered, imagery without emotion. That said, the overall aesthetic is outright eerie throughout and Threepio has seldom looked cooler:

Star Wars Special: C-3PO #1, Page 5, art by Tony Harris
I was interested in the themes and relationship between Threepio and Omri, but the issue itself falls a bit short of being satisfying. Not that it matters, but I read Omri's dialogue as narrated by Steve Buscemi and that felt really right to me. I'd recommend it.

As I said, the C-3PO issue was a loaner from a friend, and I found Poe Dameron in with back issues for just $2.00 (its digital code was even still intact!). I guess I'm just too old to accept that these two issues have a combined cover price of $9.98. I'm officially bailing on one of the two monthly books I'd been reading since November, though, and with my 15% discount for being a holds customer, I think I might get into Poe Dameron through its first arc, but I still can't help but wonder how kids today are expected to get into and follow more than a couple of new comics at a time.

17 March 2016

Star Trek: The Ultimate Voyage

Star Trek: The Ultimate Voyage
Czech National Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Justin Freer
16 March 2016 | The Kentucky Center for the Performing Arts, Louisville, KY

As a Crohnie, ticketed events spook me. I've had to cancel on so many plans at the last minute over the years that I have a difficult time bringing myself to commit money toward something I may not even be able to attend. When I saw that this concert tour was coming to Louisville, I was reflexively excited and then immediately deflated when my anxieties caught up to me. Within an hour of finding out about the show coming to town, though, I also learned of a Groupon offer that made it an attractive enough risk that I impulsively took it and hoped for the best. I make mention of this because it paralleled the experience I had at the show.

Though I haven't discussed it in this blog so far, I've followed the current presidential election campaigns as closely as my mental health allows (I learned a few years ago that I have to keep more distance from these things than I used to, which accounts for the lack of commentary in this blog). The dominant theme has been the divisive, increasingly threatening campaign of Donald Trump. His rhetoric has attacked Mexican immigrants and Muslims already, and it took him 48 hours to decide to reject an endorsement from former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, saying he'd "have to look into" white supremacy groups to find out whether he felt their endorsements were ones he wanted. It's been terrifying to watch his support base grow over the last few months, and spiritually fatiguing, too.

Star Trek has always been about togetherness. Togetherness of the characters within its stories, but also the togetherness of its fandom. I identify as a member of several pop subcultures, and there's really nothing else quite like Star Trek. There was a palpable sense of camaraderie throughout the audience. Conversations could be overheard about favorite episodes and characters, quoted dialog, and trivia. I resisted inserting myself into these chats, but I feel confident that I'd have been welcomed if I had made the attempt. That's how Trekkers are; we love sharing this thing of ours with one another.

Throughout the performance, Michael Dorn narrated a series of video montages, each highlighting a different theme of the franchise. Each theme was a manifestation of some kind of togetherness. It wasn't anything original or insightful, mind you; these were the kinds of statements that have been made ever since "The Man Trap" first aired on 8 September 1966. But like all in-groups, Trek fandom thrives on the repetition of its mantras; specifically, those about "hope for the future" being at the heart of Gene Roddenberry's vision.

As I watched one montage after another, I found myself recalling the narration to the Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country teaser trailer:
For one quarter of a century, they have thrilled us with their adventures, amazed us with their discoveries, and inspired us with their courage. Their ship has journeyed beyond imagination. Her name has become legend; her crew, the finest ever assembled. We have traveled beside them from one corner of the galaxy to the other. They have been our guides, our protectors, and our friends. Now you are invited to join them for one last adventure, for at the end of history lies...The Undiscovered Country.
It's all true. They really have thrilled, amazed, and inspired us, and they really have been our guides, our protectors, and our friends. Through them, we've befriended countless others, and I don't mean guest characters. Here, I refer to the real life human beings we've encountered through our fandom, especially over the last twenty years as the Internet has made it possible for us to connect with people from around the world.

My face physically hurt from grinning throughout the concert. Some of my pleasure was from being entertained (Dr. McCoy snapping to Mr. Spock, "I'm trying to thank you, you pointy-eared hobgoblin!" will always make me laugh), but there was something far greater beneath the surface. This wasn't merely a celebration of TV shows and motion pictures. It was a celebration of the ideals and values embraced and promoted by them, and it was glorious. Absolutely glorious. I felt like I was at the antithesis of a Trump rally, reassured that our collective longing for peace and acceptance of one another is not idle wishful thinking. Idealistic, certainly, but an ideal worth pursuing. The inclusion of Captain Picard's monologue in Star Trek: First Contact to Lily explaining the state of humanity in the 24th Century was a delightful choice on the part of the show producers. "We work to better ourselves," he asserts, imploring us as viewers to remember to work to better our selves - which, in turn, means contributing to bettering things for one another, as well.

I only took one picture of the stage before the concert even began before an overzealous usher rushed to tell me it wasn't allowed. She chased people across five rows to chastise them. Later, I discovered that the production's official social media accounts actively encourage and share fan photos from the shows. THANKS, JUNE.
The Czech National Symphony Orchestra's performance was so delightful that there were instances when I wished there had been no narration or sound bytes. Thankfully, the orchestra did record a 2-CD set of the music as arranged for and performed in the tour. It's an instant favorite addition to my library! There's something fulfilling about hearing our favorite music performed live, and Star Trek has a rich musical legacy full of favorites. I first became a fan in 1991, only vaguely aware of it prior to that year. I've made mention several times over the years about how it was the teaser poster art for Star Trek VI that caught my eye and piqued my interest. (I wrote an entire piece about this for Flickchart a few years ago.) I was already a soundtrack enthusiast, and I collected the soundtrack albums for the first five Trek movies. That wasn't easy in those days; I had to go to music stores in malls to find them.

But I also discovered that GNP Crescendo had issued soundtrack albums for select episodes of the original series and The Next Generation! Admittedly, that felt like a niche within a niche when I first saw these CD's for sale, but I also of course had to have those, too. There's even a CD of sound effects from the original series, and I would never have guessed how sustainable 41 minutes of those artificial noises could be, but it works really well! Just before the opening of Star Trek VI, Paramount issued a compilation album of music from the first five movies, selected and sequenced by the new film's composer, Cliff Eidelman. I loved that album, particularly as it showcased the musical styling choices of three different composers: Jerry Goldsmith, James Horner, and Leonard Rosenman. Goldsmith's scores are sweeping; Horner's, resolute; Rosenman's, lighthearted.

Then came Eidelman's own score for The Undiscovered Country, and I fell completely in love with it. It remains my single favorite Trek score. In my estimation, it's the most sophisticated of the entire canon. Four years ago, I bought Intrada's expanded 2-CD edition of that, which I wrote about here. The Ultimate Voyage includes an abridgment of its "End Credits Suite" near the end of Act II. I knew that going in, and I admit I got a little antsy for it a few times, but it's probably for the best that it came so late in the show because my anticipation had pretty well peaked by the time it was played. I missed the triumphant opening that Eidelman wrote, but in truth they could have just performed that entire score in its entirety and I'd have still wanted more of it.


One of the things that I hadn't known going in was that each of the TV series would be represented by two scenes playing in their entirety, with the recorded musical cues replaced by the live orchestra. From the original show came the fight between Kirk and Spock in "Amok Time" and Kirk's final showdown against the titular "Doomsday Machine", both of which were revelatory to see on the 40' screen. My favorite of the series has long been Deep Space Nine, which was represented by the destruction of the U.S.S. Defiant in "The Changing Face of Evil", and Captain Sisko's confessional monologue from "In the Pale Moonlight".

DS9 was the crucible of the franchise, Sisko in particular being an in-story voice for keeping the franchise honest about its ideals. There was only one instance of flash photography taken throughout the entire concert, and it was during that piece. I don't know who took that picture or how it turned out, but I loved knowing that someone else was that ecstatic about our captain at his finest. We Niners have always been a sub-subculture all our own within Trek fandom, and that single camera flash was an unspoken act of togetherness that made me smile. I do worry that for any newcomers who may not know the context for that monologue that it might have been off-putting. It was a risky choice for the concert, which made it arguably the single most perfect choice they could have made. If any part of Star Trek can go out on a limb and take its chances being misunderstood, it's DS9!

Q: What's the definition of a gentleman?
A: Someone who knows how to play the trombone and doesn't.
I only really have three nitpicks, one of which isn't even fair and that's that footage from DS9 and Voyager looked outright awful. That's because those shows haven't been remastered in high definition, though, and there's certainly nothing that the concert producers could have been expected to do about it. It's a shame, too, because I suspect that if they had had access to sharper looking visuals from those two shows, they'd have been more prominent throughout the concert. As it was, the original series and TNG dominated every montage -- which they would, anyway, of course, being the two most popular, but there were a lot of moments in DS9 that crossed my mind that we never got to see, and I'm reasonably sure it's because standard definition shyness discouraged their inclusion. (The oddest sight of all was a very crude digital removal of Rick Berman and Ira Steven Behr's executive producer credits from the parting shot of DS9's finale.)

That said, there were a handful of things that were repeated, which felt conspicuous. Captain Kirk's "Risk is our business!" speech plays in its entirety early in the show, and then that single line recurs in the next montage, for instance. Some of Q's lines from the scene in "All Good Things..." that played in full resurfaced in different places later. And I think some of General Chang's taunts were also repeated, but again, my fixation on Star Trek VI would have rendered me too biased to be bothered by that.

Aside from what was conspicuously repeated, my final nitpick is, of course, some of the stuff that was conspicuously absent. I couldn't believe that nothing from "Unification" appeared, especially in the "2 B Human" montage that was basically all about Spock and Data - who shared a wonderful moment in "Part II", when Data observes that Spock has rejected throughout his life the humanity that he was born with that Data has aspired to all his. That seemed like an obvious line to include in that montage. I'd have also loved to have heard the exchange from the end of "Part I":
Picard: I'm looking for Ambassador Spock.
Spock: Indeed. You have found him, Captain Picard.
That was one of the most exciting moments in all of Star Trek! How did that not make the cut?

In fact, aside from Kirk and Picard in Star Trek Generations, very little of any of the crossover appearances seemed to be represented. There was only a quick shot of Scotty in "Relics"; none of his exchanges with Geordi, and the scene of him on the Holodeck reproduction of the original Enterprise's bridge was nowhere to be seen. One entire montage is dedicated specifically to the Enterprise (curiously, not set to "The Enterprise" from The Motion Picture). Admiral McCoy telling Data, "She's got the right name. You treat her like a lady, she'll always bring you back home, you hear?" seems a shoo-in for that, but it's not there or anywhere else. Nor is there anything from the Voyager episode, "Flashback", in which Captain Janeway and Tuvok interact with Captain Sulu's U.S.S. Excelsior during the events of Star Trek VI. These are just the most obvious crossover appearances, but none of the others made it into the show, either.

Surprisingly, though, even main characters weren't selected for sound byte inclusion. I don't recall hearing a single line spoken by Nichelle Nichols as Lt. Uhura, Gates McFadden as Dr. Crusher, or most of the casts from the other shows. Michael Dorn was the most qualified narrator for the special, having more credited appearances than anyone else thanks to having been in all seven seasons of The Next Generation and the last four seasons of Deep Space Nine, plus the four TNG movies as Worf (and an appearance as that character's grandfather in Star Trek VI, to boot!), but very little dialog from Worf showed up - including nothing from his tenure on DS9.

But these are all minor quibbles. I'm sure they didn't even occur to some viewers, and many of the ones who did think of them likely shrugged them off quickly. They certainly did nothing to spoil my enjoyment of the evening. When the lights came on after the encore performance of Alexander Courage's main title from the original series, I felt rejuvenated. I left the theater reassured that, despite the narrative that has been created in our political landscape, there is hope for our future. It's idealism worth striving for, and I thank Justin Freer and the Czech National Symphony Orchestra for shepherding an evening dedicated to that idealism. We need it. I certainly do.